Shoulder Surfing

Shoulder surfing refers to the act of obtaining personal or private information through direct observation, for example, by looking over a person’s shoulder. It is also possible to observe a target using binoculars, video cameras (hidden or visible), and other optical devices.

Typically the objective of shoulder surfing is to catch things like username and password combinations that can be later used to access a user’s account. Credit card numbers, personal identification numbers (PIN), important personal information (like middle name and birth date used in password recovery) are also targeted.